Monday, September 25, 2017

Gates regrets three-finger-salute

While it is dropping the share in the computing industry recently, Windows is still a great platform. It rose as Windows 3.1 and was established as Windows 95 as an operational system in the late 20th century. Since then, Windows has been the dominant OS and representative as the computer itself.

Bill Gates, the famous man as the founder of Windows and the world richest person, has one regretful decision regarding Windows.

International Business Times: Bill Gates reveals the one thing he regrets about Windows

It is "three finger salute," as you know. You can call task manager or reboot the Windows OS with pressing the Control+Alter+Delete keys. Gates said he would like to adopt a simpler command for restart the OS.

Actually, this command is a little complicated so that beginners hardly remember it. And when your left hand is occupied you would struggle to press the three keys at the same time.

On the other hand, a simpler command would be mistakenly run. You may have experienced to press an erroneous key to cause an unexpected movement. Gates' command was excellent, I believe.

Sunday, September 24, 2017

Medical AI is near to come

Recently, I mentioned medical AI as nearly to be introduced.

My past entry: AI medicine realized

As well, I had a joke regarding AI psychiatrist on an April Fool. Which is true?

My past entry: Google Psychiatrist launched: loosing my job

Actually, medical AI has not been realized. But, the day when an AI doctor overwhelms human physicians is not so far distant from today. Within a few years, AI will begin to support doctors in diagnosing patients. And doctors will ask the best treatment strategy to an AI after a decade, I believe.

There are many regions in which AI is advantageous to perform. Pattern recognition is one of the typical scenes. Thus, diagnosing skin cancer through distinguishing malignant color or structure from normal tissues must be a topic. Indeed, Google has already equipped a system of censoring child porn in its cloud storage.

My past entry: Banning of Google account due to instant upload

It is in a sense misfortunate for dermatologists to be overwhelmed by AI. They have been eager to make a diagnosis at a glance in front of the skin of the patient. Their talent will be no more special soon. When I was trained by a dermatologist in the past, I could not distinguish malignant skins from normal at all. That experience ignited my inferiority complex. Ironically, I will not need to feel disgraced.

So, will physicians be replaced by robots? The issue is not so simple. There is someone to be responsible for the patient's treatment. Unless getting the complete human right and personality, AI cannot compensate for the failure of treatment. Thus, to be sued will be the only value of the human. It is also ironic.

Nonetheless, I am optimistic about the future. Physicians have made many efforts to improve the treatment. AI is one of the tools for doctors. If patients are cured without the risk of human error, it is simply better for all.

Saturday, September 23, 2017

Toysarus bankrupted

Toys-R-Us, a popular retailer of toys in the US committed bankruptcy. Its debt has reached three billion USD.

International Business Times: Toys 'R' Us files for bankruptcy as it buckles under $5bn worth of debt

Toysarus developed as a gigantic dealer of toys mainly for children. The other days, Toysarus was representative of toys themselves. But recently, many competitors such as Amazon, Target, and Walmart, rose and Toysarus began to struggle to keep its sales.

Some people analyzed that Toysarus had failed to adapt the era of the internet ordering. At first, Toysarus made a contract with Amazon for exclusive selling. Later, however, Amazon began to deal with other retailers to broaden the range of toys. Toysarus could not develop its own system of online shopping.

On the other hand, if Toysarus had been successful to offer the unique experience to customers visiting the store, it would have survived this year. Many artists and creators are eager to gather their lovers to the stage instead of selling copiable media.

In another point of view, toys are no more tools for kids, especially in Japan. Nowadays, many adults are fond of collect traditional toys. As well, several items which are enjoyable not only children but also adults are developed. Toysarus has been a brand for kids. It could be disadvantageous, I think.

Friday, September 22, 2017

Omega-3 reduce your aggression?

Omega-3 fatty acid is recently paid attention for its various effects on human health. Researchers are attempting to utilize it for treatment of several diseases including mental disorders.

Recently, some fish oil was proven to have a preventive effect on depression. On the other hand, the effect of DHA and other fatty acids on schizophrenia is still controversial.

Here, there is a clinical trial regarding the effect of DHA and EPA on violent behaviors in schizophrenic patients. In this study, participants were randomly assigned to fish oil group or placebo group. Patients taking fish oil showed lessor score of Modified Overt Aggression Scale (MOAS) than the control with statistical significance. Interestingly, fish oil did not improve their psychotic symptoms.

Schizophrenia Research: Effects of Omega-3 in the Treatment of Violent Schizophrenia Patients

Unfortunately, I cannot read the full article now. Therefore, I cannot evaluate the validity of this study. If the result of this study is reliable, it is hypothesized that Omega-3 fatty acid can reduce aggressive ideas in schizophrenic patients, and this effect is not relevant to the symptoms itself of schizophrenia. I wonder if healthy people will become calm after taking fish oil, indirectly suggested by this study. Are fish eaters pleasant than beef eaters? Otherwise, it is possible that schizophrenic patients tend to fail to take omega-3 fatty acid as usual. Anyway, eating fish regularly is good for your mental health.

Thursday, September 21, 2017

Gene criminology

Should genetic flaws be a reason for lessened sentence for a crime? It is a fundamental issue in forensic mental health.

Indeed, some types of genetic variations are known for a background of violent crimes. For example, MAO-A gene is proven to have a critical role in reactive aggression.

Actually, in some countries, lawyers seem successful to gain a shorter sentence for a criminal with genetic factors.

International Business Times: The crime gene: Should bad genetics mean a shorter sentence for criminals?

 It is surprising for me as it has never been discussed in Japan. Instead, in Japan, some criminal cases committed by a man who had Klinefelter syndrome were focused. The court sentence did account the influence of genetic factor of the defendant.

If some kinds of genes are responsible for crimes, as it is not a so fantastic hypothesis, criminals should not be responsible for their genes. On the other hand, there are many many factors which potentially bring us to a crime other than genes. Like poverty, low intelligence, and influence of parents, there are many factors we cannot control. Should they also accountable for factors to mitigate the sentence? It seems difficult.

Gene criminology is not established as an academic region. It was often argued, and sometimes discriminated. An open-minded discussion is required. But we should not jump to conclusion so rapidly.

Wednesday, September 20, 2017

Is magic mushroom a solution for depressive patients?

As I mentioned repeatedly, depression is one of the most serious diseases in the world. The magnitude of its adverse influence on the life of patients and society itself is astronomical.

Therefore, many kinds of therapeutic strategies have been attempted to treat depression. In spite of several hypotheses regarding the cause of depression, medication is still dominant way of treatment. However, each antidepressant is effective to only a third of patients. There are many patients suffering from treatment-resistant symptoms.

Recently, some experimental treatments for depression are focused. Magic mushroom is one of the potential drugs. Psilocybin, a dominant component of magic mushroom is considered to have an effect to make users euphoric. Some researchers believe this fact suggests a possibility of psilocybin as a useful antidepressant. There are a couple of clinical trials conducted.

International Business Times: Two parents' fight to set up the largest ever magic mushroom trial for depression is nearly over

In my opinion, whatever cure depression is welcomed. But I am very skeptical of the effect of magic mushroom. Psychedelic drugs never cure the depressive symptoms but only eliminate inhibiting functions in the brain. In the state of disinhibition, people feel euphoric and cheerful because they cannot see any barriers in the life. But, the reality is different.

Regarding continuous effect should also be examined with a strict protocol. Longitudinal adverse effect of substance with dependency should not be underestimated. Even if a clinical trial is successful, I hesitate to use such psychedelic drugs to patients with depression.

Tuesday, September 19, 2017

Price of London property falls

House price in London is falling this September.

According to Rightmove, a property website, the average price of property in London flee 2.9% in this month. The range of decrease varied in each location. On the other hand, Southwark met 9.4% increase.

International Business Times: London house prices record biggest slump in a decade in September

Housing demand in London seems still high. Then, the drop of the price may be due to the end of estate bubble. London’s property price was rising every year by up to 10%. This tendency could not survive for many years.

Brexit has caused fear of exile in foreigners living in London. It is unsure Brexit influenced the price of the property. But, the negative policy against immigration should take power to lower the value of properties in London.

Monday, September 18, 2017

A symposium regarding children and parents' mind

Last weekend, I attended an academic conference as a symposiast. The theme was "What is occurring in the mind of children and parents?" A professor specialized in child psychiatry made a teaching session. Subsequently, three symposiasts including me made a presentation.

I mentioned some critical cases in the session. Indeed, I have experienced some criminal cases which were relevant to child abuse and mental health problems in children. While it is difficult to generalize the characteristics in each case, I believe most criminals who took his or her children's lives had
been quite normal. They were not psychopathic or sadistic. They truly loved their children. But, some factors such as the onset of psychiatric illness and children's mental condition destroyed their ordinary life.

Then, how can we prevent the tragedy? It is not easy to answer. I believe most cases felt solitude before committing the crime. They believed they would not be rescued by anyone. They did not trust anyone including themselves. Thus, there is an absolute need of supporters.

Unfortunately, the depressive state gets rid of the rational thought. In a depressive state, we feel guilty and desperate. We can hardly listen to other's words. Prevention and early intervention are essential not to deteriorate the severity of illness.

Symposium was successful. I have much learned about child psychiatry. Thanks for speakers and organizers.

Sunday, September 17, 2017

Germany is world best country

The Kochenov Quality of Nationality Index (QNI), conducted by Henley & Partners, published the list of nations which are the best to live. Germany was at the top of the list out of 195 nations.

International Business Times: Revealed: The world's best (and worst) nationalities

France, Denmark, and Ireland are following Germany. The UK was slipped from the top ten countries. Afganistan and some nations of the Middle East are named at the bottom of the list.

Northern European countries are often listed up in such a lineup. Their culture is sophisticated and citizens are kind. However, I would miss the sunshine if I lived there. They also lack entertainment.

Japan is one of the safest nations in the world. Also, living in Japan is very convenient, I believe. But Japan has some disadvantages. Foreign people tend to suffer from communication gap with Japanese. Discrimination against foreigners also exists in Japan. Most of all, Japan has a challenge in improving productivity in the society. I respect German people who have accomplished today's prosperity.

Saturday, September 16, 2017

London tube explosion

On Sep 15th, 2017, an explosion occurred in a tube staying at Parsons Green station in London.

Due to this incident, a total of 29 people were injured. Nobody was reported to have been killed so far. The bomb was enclosed in a white plastic bucket inside a supermarket bag. Parsons Green station seems to have been reopened.

Islamic State claimed responsibility for the bombing. Theresa May, the Prime Minister of the UK, declared that the warning level against terror attack became critical. Armed police will appear on the streets in the coming days, according to May.

The Guardian: London tube bombing: PM says terror threat level raised to critical

Donald Trump tweeted that Scotland Yard should enhance the level of supervision on the behaviors of terrorists. But May did not support his suggestion, mentioning that unlimited speculation by the police would not be appropriate.

However, it is true that London is facing a difficult situation between the public safety and freedom from being censored. This bombing case can be only a testimony for terrorists. It is fortunate that no one has been killed. But it is no more guaranteed for the future.

Friday, September 15, 2017

Quantum, AI, and singularity

Recently in Japan, the stock price of companies dealing with quantum computing is rising. Quantum computing is one of the focused technologies in recent years and is promised to change the world dramatically.

Quantum computing will be faster than any current machines by millions of times. But its uniqueness is not limited to the speed itself. Many scientists claim the realization of quantum computing will change our life completely.

Independent: Quantum computing breakthrough could help 'change life completely', say scientists

In the article above, what will be changed by quantum computing is not described concretely. It is highly certain that quantum computing will bring us an unbreakable code system. It makes the internet connection completely secure. Cyber criminals will perished due to the rise of quantum computing. Instead, they will become a pickpocket on the real street.

Quantum computing well collaborates with an AI. Current AI program is very progressive, but its quality is limited for the processing speed. If quantum computing is available, deep learning will proceed with incredible speed. In every game in which all information is clarified to the players, computer players will never be defeated by the human.

It is said that the point of singularity is approaching within 30 years. Quantum computing will make its realization faster.

Thursday, September 14, 2017

JP Morgan disgrace Bitcoin

The price of Bitcoin fell by nearly 20% in a day.

A comment from JP Morgan's CEO seems to be the chance of the rapid falling. It was in the conference 
Jamie Dimon, an CEO of JP Morgan said in the Barclays' financial conference in New York on Sep 12. According to him, Bitcoin is a kind of fraud and useful only to drug dealers.

He claimed that Bitcoin is against their rules and therefore stupid. I believe he has no idea of what Bitcoin and blockchain means. His outdated ideology is rather a disgrace for conventional bank organizations.

However, it should be accepted that his absurd comment is still influential to the economy of cryptocurrency. Values of alter-coins were also damaged. There is no doubt that Bitcoin economy is very vulnerable so that only gamblers are fond of dealing with Bitcoin.

On the other hand, it is possible that major investors for Bitcoin will sue Dimon for damaging the price of Bitcoin. But it will not be successful because the reason of price change is not a comment of a particular person but the behaviors of stockholders.

I am not sure about the true price of Bitcoin. More or less, however, cryptocurrency will become the major source of value in the near future.

Wednesday, September 13, 2017

iPhone X is released

Yesterday, Apple held an annual conference to introduce newest products.

In this setting, iPhone 8, iPhone 8pus, and iPhone X were mentioned. They are planned to be released in this Autumn consequently.

International Business Times: Apple iPhone X revealed: Say hello to the £1,000 smartphone that can read your face

iPhone 8 is the newest version of iPhone. It had been suggested that Apple would publish iPhone 7s. But this version was skipped.

At the same time, iPhone X, a luxury version of iPhone was developed. In iPhone X, the home button was omitted. Its display is created with an organic EL panel. Also, Apple has introduced several other features in iPhone X. It will cost more than 1000 USD.

Unfortunately, I was not attracted to the figure and the concept of iPhone X. Some Android Phones have no home button. Some match iPhone X in the graphic resolution.There seems no absolute superiority in iPhone X.

Nonetheless, providing a luxury model is a good strategy for Apple, I believe. Some Apple users want more high-qualified devices even if for a higher cost. Matching their need should be a priority for Apple, considering the fact most Android phones are cheaper than iPhones.

I will not buy an iPhone for a while. Instead, I have to replace my Android phone to a newer one.

Tuesday, September 12, 2017

Sex robot kills you?

Yesterday, I mentioned the risk of porn sites. Now, the risk of being killed by a sex doll is mentioned in this article below.

International Business Times: Hackers could order sex robots to kill their human lovers

There are many types of sex dolls all over the world, and there are not many, but a considerable amount of people who are fond of them. The Recent development of computer technology will make them far more real and reactive to the users. While I have no experience, they would offer us a very impressive sense.

On the other hand, an AI based sex robot has a risk of being cracked by an alien, according to the author. It is no doubt that sex robots are no exception of vulnerable devices. You should be aware of the risk.

I think, however, there are many things to be addressed. A refrigerator, a cooler, and an IH cooking machine are also devices which can bring a critical outcome if being cracked. The most dangerous device is, of course, a car, and the airplane.

Rather, if a sex robot is compromised, your naked figure would be shot by the camera attached to the eyes. And the crackers would threaten you with the photo. It is much more realistic scenario than being killed by the robot.

Monday, September 11, 2017

Android is not suitable to porn sites

You should not watch porn sites via Android, according to this article.

The Conversation: Why being aware of your mortality can be good for you

The reason is, of course, a risk of cracking. Android phone is vulnerable to being hacked, compared to iOS. And porn sites are generally risky. It is possible that the target of crackers is shifting from Windows to Android following the current trend of consumers' behavior.

Especially, young people are accustomed to Android Phone. On the other hand, they are often not aware of the dangerousness of malware. Furthermore, young people are more concerned about porn sites.

Sunday, September 10, 2017

Deutsche Bank will replace many bankers into AI

It is an expected, but fearful report. Deutsche Bank will perform restructure and replace a considerable amount of employees to an AI.

International Business Times: Deutsche Bank will turn to AI and cut jobs because staff already 'behave like robots'

Chief Executive John Cryan said that many employees would face a huge impact due to the rise of AI because they have already resembled robots.

An accountant is one of the examples which will be replaced by AI. Its specialty relies on an accuracy. And AI is advantageous to the human in accuracy. According to a survey conducted this year, approximately 80% of bankers believe AI would drastically impact on the way of banking in the future.

So, how can you keep your job protected from AI? The answer is unclear. Even the most talented employee will be caught by the AI as far as his work can be copied. Rather, not so smart but humorous and friendly employees may keep a position in the workforce.

Saturday, September 9, 2017

White Christians are no more majority in the US

The proportion of White Christians in the US is decreasing. And now only 43% of the US citizens are categorized, approximately halved from four decades ago, according to a new survey.

The Guardian: Clinical trials revolution could change the future of medical research

It is partially due to expanded immigration. The share of Christian remains 70%. But, some Americans are hesitating to belong to a strict cult. The percentage of White evangelicals is now 17%, decreased by 6% in this decade. Their shrinking power to the community might ignite social anxiety, leading to the triumph of Donald Trump, I guess.

The construction of the US is changing. Trump, with typically conservative ideology, is willing to get the US as a republic of WASP. But the concept of WASP itself also became vague. Originally, the US has been a melting pot of many races. Even if Trump administration prohibits immigration, it is difficult to reverse the global trend of mixture of multi-culture. It will be the matter what is the symbol of the integration of the US in the future.

Friday, September 8, 2017

Psychedelic drug and fever

Although the harm is well known, some psychedelic drugs such as LSD are still popular among some people. Users say they bring them a fantastic experience.

Indeed, a recent study suggests LSD cause your brain a heightened state of consciousness. Thus, the brain activity was elevated after taking LSD.

The Guardian: Psychedelic drugs induce 'heightened state of consciousness', brain scans show

So far, some artists were fond of taking psychedelic drugs. It was for promoting imagination. This finding is consistent with their experience.

However, I need not rely on such drugs for enhancing my brain. To begin, I caught a cold and suffered from a serious headache. And I had several psychedelic dreams. Perhaps I had feverish delirium. This experience was quite similar to that of taking LSD, while I have no experience.

Thursday, September 7, 2017

Dreamers program to be terminated

Donald Trump, the President of the US, decided to terminate Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program.

The Guardian: Trump ends 'Dreamers' program, leaving fate of 800,000 uncertain

This program has permitted children of immigrants who entered the US without the legal procedure to stay in the US. It functions as a moratorium for immigrants Jrs, so called "dreamers."

If this policy is canceled, 800,000 young undocumented migrants will be potentially exiled from the US. Trump requested local governments to set proper regulation to fix this issue. The ex-president Obama made a opposing comment.

Considering his nationalistic ideology, this decision-making is predictable. But, it is uncertain whether Trump's plan will be realized. Humanitarian organizations are willing to sue the government to the court about this decision for violation of the human right. The thoughts of parliaments in each state will differ from each other.

As well as other Trump's America First policy, this decision damages the grobal trust to the US. I am afraid that Trump's policy will ruin the true "American Dream."

Wednesday, September 6, 2017

Heavy cold

I caught a serious cold yesterday. So, I am suffering from severe headache and general fatigue. Cough and sputum have not been seen yet. Perhaps, my immune system is fighting with virus.

My brain is almost nonfunctional due to deadly dizziness. I have fallen asleep for 20 hours. I hope I will get recovered soon.

Tuesday, September 5, 2017

Banned sending children by car

Some British primary schools began to fine parents who send their children to the school by car.

International Business Times: Parents to be fined if they drop their children off at school by car

This new regulation was launched on Sep 4th, 2017 in Heavers Farm, on Dinsdale Gardens, and St Chads, on Alverston Gardens. Parents have been prohibited to take on/off their children in front of the school at the limited time. Breachers are going to be fined by 130 GBP.

This strange rule has some ends, according to the media. The schools to be subjected are located on a dead end. Thus, the first reason seems for safety, and avoiding traffic jam is also important.

However, it is described that encouraging pupils to walk to the school is another purpose. I am not sure this comment is rational. Some children have to go to school from distant place. In addition, British people are very sensitive to the security of their children, in my sense. Some parents worry about their kids kidnapped. Their attitude looks a little overprotective from Japanese. I am doubtful how many parents will adhere to this new regulation.

Monday, September 4, 2017

Good personality predicts future success?

There are massive hypotheses to determine the condition of success. Are people who are smart, born in a rich family, belong to a sophisticated group going to enjoy a successful life? Or, can some people be successful despite terrible situation around them?

Among many factors, there are two decisive conditions which are deemed as the key to success: money and intelligence. People in a rich cluster are likely to earn more money than poor people. And, intelligent persons who graduate a university get more salary than people who graduate only a high school. There is almost no doubt of the importance of these two factors.

Even if intelligence is an important factor for success, however, there are other possibilities around this. For example, some researchers claim that personality can predict the future success more precisely than intelligence. According to Nobel prize winner Heckman, the grades and achievement test results in childhood were good predictors of future life, not limited to income, but also criminal records, obesity, and self-reported life satisfaction.

Independent: Personality has greater impact on success than IQ, new research suggests

This report is very encouraging for many people who think themselves as not so smart or rich. Indeed, some highly intelligent people have a difficulty in dealing with other people in society. They are often arrogant, uncollaborative, or failing to show compassion to others. In other words, modesty, friendship, and conscience are essential for maintaining a good relationship with others. A man with these virtues should be called an uplight man.

However, personality trait is far difficult to be examined than intelligence, while intelligence itself is not to be measured in a simple way. It is also possible that a man who was liked by everyone in a community is hated in another community. Some troublesome characters can be valued in a specific situation. Furthermore, it is quite doubtful a person's personality trait can be visualized with simplified tests. Though Heckman said that school grade includes the evaluation of each pupil's personality, I do not believe school teachers could rank the students' personality properly, because the perception of each personality is altered through mutual relationship.

Sunday, September 3, 2017

Medical device on your smartphone

What do you imagine if your smartphone saves your life? Perhaps, GPS, alert for missile or earthquake, and simply the internet connection are candidates.

But in reality, smartphones are going to be a medical tool. There are examples how your smartphone will change into a medical device.

Mirror: 5 ways your smartphone could save your life

I have noticed the possibility to utilize this tiny computer as a medical monitor. But, there are more progressive usage possible to be realized in the near future.

Electrocardiogram, pulse oximeter, and sphygmomanometer will be contained in the smartphone with ease. Detecting skin cancer and retinoblastoma is more difficult, but not impossible. In this region, pattern recognition capacity is essential for proper diagnosis. And AI is advantageous to distinguish the malignancy from normal shape of the body.

Cost is a current and critical issue. In addition, preciseness is another point of discussion. If the device fails to detect the disease, providers cannot be responsible for delayed treatment. Human physicians will be necessary for a while.

Saturday, September 2, 2017

Which nation has the most positive influence on the world?

Canada seems to have a positive influence on the world, according to a new survey.

Independent: These are the countries with the most positive influence on the world

This study was conducted by IPSOS Mori, an international organization dealing with marketing and media research.

The data shows that 81% of the participants believe Canada has a positive influence on the world. On the other hand, only 40% agree about the US.

But this is not this chart biased? The participants were tens of thousands of people among 25 countries including Japan and South Korea. On the other hand, there are only 11 countries as the subjects to be evaluated about influence on the world.

In the original reports, some other charts are also shown. Regarding self-perception, 63% of Japanese believe that Japan is having an overall positive influence.

Interestingly, each nation has a difference in the discrepancy between self-conception and global appraisal. Russia, India, and the US are not so positively evaluated as they think about their own nations.

Japan and Korea lack the data of global impression. I estimate that Japanese and Koreans are both rather pessimistic. And I believe Korea can be appraised more in the world.

Friday, September 1, 2017

Chiba-shi meets Hatsune Miku

Yesterday was the 10th anniversary of Hatsune Miku.

Hatsune Miku is a famous Vocaloid. Vocaloids were originally developed to sing songs like a human according to the program of the composer. Before Hatsune Miku, there had already been some vocaloids. But Hatsune Miku became popular for her cute figure and highly qualified voice. Nowadays, tens of thousands of songs developed of many composers for Hatsune Miku are available worldwide.

Hatsune Miku was born in Hokkaido where the company produced her is. But, Chiba-shi is also an enthusiastic supporter of Hatsune Miku.

Some people have mentioned that the symbol of Chiba-shi resembles the silhouette of Hatsune Miku. And then, Chiba-shi conducted a series of events to celebrate the 10th anniversary. Chiba-shi's symbol was changed to Hatsune Miku on 31st August.

It is wonderful that such a virtual idol is collaborating with a prefecturel government. Unfortunately, I cannot visit the event conducted at Makuhari. Nonetheless, I will enjoy this celebration.

Thursday, August 31, 2017

Sequels in August 2017

August 24, 2017
Shuffling your thought to sleep

I have not tried this method, because I have no trouble with my sleep, fortunately.

August 22, 2017
Tunnels & Trolls Adventures released

I have completed some scenarios in T&T Adventures. It is very fun. I expect more scenarios will be soon released. Also, I would like to make my original scenarios with this App someday.

August 13, 2017
Password ruling should be reconsidered

Very recently, I was annoyed to request to change the password. I believe the regular change of passwords is no more useful to protect my account.

August 3, 2017
Bitcoin Cash, a fruit of hard fork

Surprisingly, Bitcoin Cash is alive with high magnitude of value. Furthermore, the price of Bitcoin is still rising. I think many owners of Bitcoin made profits with this fork.

Wednesday, August 30, 2017

North Korea's missile flew over Japan

In the early morning on Aug 29, 2017, citizens lived in Northern area of Japan woke up according to an official alarm. J-alert, an emergency reporting system by the government, notified users of a smartphone that a flying object from North Korea was approaching.

Official message was encouraging to evacuate them to indoor. In reality, few citizens seemed actually to seek a shelter because most people had been at home.

A few minutes after the alert, a ballistic missile flew in the sky over Erimomisaki, a cape in Hokkaido. Soon, the object was split into three matters. Nobody was damaged by the missile.

CNN: Trump says 'all options on table' after North Korea launches missile over Japan

This is the fifth case of North Korea's missile gets through the sky over Japan. Shinzo Abe, the Prime Minister of Japan, announced that the government had completely grasped the trail of the missile and there was no dangerousness for Japan. As well, he condemned North Korea for its brutal act.

Donald Trump also made a blame to North Korea, suggesting that the US keeps an option to fight with the North.

However, it is unlikely that this incident will bring war, fortunately. North Korea seems to have calculated the outcome of this experiment. Kim Jong-Un seriously recognizes that he would not survive the real battle with the US. After all, this event is merely an operation to suggest the tyranny to domestic and international viewers.

The most worrying possibility is an accident. If North Korea's weapon injuries the US troop, Trump will have no choice but opening the war. Then, neither will win the battle. North Korea will soon perish, and stormy refugees will come to South Korea and Japan. The extinction of North Korea will never bring fruits to the US and Japan. Therefore, I expect the North Korea's power of technology and diplomacy, ironically.

Tuesday, August 29, 2017

Wonder Woman, too naive as Messiah

To be honest, yesterday I saw Wonder Woman on cinema subsequently to Spider-Man.

Wonder Woman is a heroine of DC comics. DC is as famous as Marvel in the US. She appeared in "Batman v Superman" firstly. And this film describes her origin.

My past entry: Batman v Superman, for fans only

And, unfortunately, I did not enjoy this movie, despite its popularity.

(This entry mentions the core of the story-line.)

Wonder Woman was originally a princess of paradise. In the island, there was no male, and she was said to have been made from clay. She was told that her family would fight against Ares, the god of war, who brings the war and malice to the world.

The main story of this film begins at the age of WWI. A man, Steve Trevor, accidentally reaches the island. He is a British spy carrying a top secret from a German military lab and was chased by German troop. Wonder Woman helps him, convincing that Ares is behind of the war, to go along with him to the UK.

The man reported that Germany was developing a lethal chemical weapon. But the leaders of the UK prioritize the truce with Germany, ignoring his warning. Wonder Woman decides to defeat the German general who is planning to develop the toxic gas. And Trevor accepts her to bring her to the battlefront.

Actually, I did not understand his behavior. For him, Wonder Woman must be a crazy girl believing the devil. Why did he expose his life to a serious risk? As a spy, he must have experienced many many complicated situations. There must be a certain reason for him to help her, for example, he had abandoned his daughter who resembles Wonder Woman.

On the other hand, Wonder Woman herself is described as a naive girl. She had not met any men in her born place. She had not worn any feminine dress. But she understands several languages, and have vast knowledge. Then, she must know the complexity of the human behavior and society. In my sense, she looks intellectual but stupid. It was disappointing.

She kills general Ludendorff whom she has believed as the avatar of Ares. But, the war never ends. Then, her act is merely a murder. Nonetheless, she does not regret her behavior. It reminds me the massacre by crusadors.

In the last scene, it is revealed that Wonder Woman is a daughter of Zeus himself. And, Ares names himself the God of Truth, and he explains that he has been giving the destructive knowledge to many persons so that humankind would proceed to the ruin. It is an act of Lucifer.

Therefore, Wonder Woman is a symbol of the innocent virgin. However, is it truly acceptable for many women? I sense it is a very stereotypical image of women.

In the DC Comics series, Batman films, for example, expresses the dark side of humanity. Comparing to them, Wonder Woman looks very superficial.

By the way, the 3D graphics were not attractive in this film.

Personal Rating: 2 (poor) 

Monday, August 28, 2017

Spider-Man: Homecoming, a life-sized movie

I saw Spider-Man: Homecoming on cinema. I enjoyed MX4D stimulation with the 3D graphic.

Spider-Man: Homecoming is the 6th real movie featuring Spider-Man, as well as the first episode of Homecoming trilogy. The first Spider-Man trilogy was released in the 2000s. And Amazing Spider-Man 1 & 2 were released. But this series failed to be a great success.

And this third Spider-Man, as Peter Parker, played by Tom Holland appeared firstly at "Captain America: Civil War." In this film, he was recruited by Tony Sterk (Iron-Man), to be opposed to Captain America and his allies.

Thus, Peter, a 15-year-old boy, matched world-famous heroes on the pre-story. It is quite natural that Peter became proud of himself, and is arrogantly wanting to be greater.

However, he has a difficulty to deal with troubles around the city of Queens. Also, Tony and Happy, his subordinate, seem unfriendly to Peter. Tony worries about endangering Peter in a battle with villains, but Peter hardly understands his intention.

Peter begins to enter riskier mission on his own. He desires to be admired by Tony, and finally to become a member of Avengers, the superheroes team. But his actions expose many people to fatal risk, unfortunately. Tony gets angered, getting rid of Peter's high-tech Spider Suit.

Finally, Peter notices the real nature of the villain. He is forced to choose to fight with the villain sacrificing a usual happiness, or abandon his justice.

In this film, the Hero is a life-sized man. Peter is a high-school boy. He wants to attract the attention of a beautiful classmate. He merely dreams to be a hero, not imagining the responsibility behind their work. Therefore, Peter has to go to the last stage wearing his handmade suit.

The final cut of the decisive battle was not cool at all. I think it is a taste of Spider-Man. He is not cool nor smart, but it is the reason he is called "your friendly neighborhood" with love.

In this film, a villain is a blue-collared man. He worked as a scavenger after the fight between heroes and aliens, but loses his job because of Tony. Then, he begins to steal parts of aliens. He has no intention to conquer the world or even against the government. He only wants to keep his family safe and peaceful. In a sense, Iron-Man and Spider-Man made his a villain.

I was satisfied with this movie totally. Spider-Man is far different from other heroes such as Iron-Man or Thor. I am curious about how Peter will grow in the next Homecoming.

Personal Rating: 3 (fair)

Sunday, August 27, 2017

Sperm is decreasing in men

Recent environmental changes cause several influences on our daily life. Furthermore, our body has been gradually modified unintentionally.

Changing is a form of evolution. Even if it seems not adaptative, there are some rationales behind it.

But, there is shocking a report about recent finding. The amount of sperm of men is decreasing through these some decades.

According to this study, sperm concentration fell by 52.4% from 1973 to 2011. Of course, there are several points of discussion before validating the result. Counting method may be so different between now and some decades ago. The characteristics of the subjects can also be inconsistent. But this study seems properly structured at a glance.

The Guardian: Sperm counts among western men have halved in last 40 years – study

If the result is true, what does it mean, and what should we do? Is air and soil pollution so serious that our species is going to decline?

It may be true that the human being needs fewer babies than in the ancient era. Thus, it is possible that nature itself planned lesser birth rate. It is totally unclear where we will go.

Saturday, August 26, 2017

A third, or at least 5% of dementia is preventable

Dementia is one of the more severe diseases in the 21st century. As our life expectancy has been extended near to a century, the prevalence rate of dementia is also rocketing. Dementia gets rid of our quality of life. And caregivers are forced to devote a mass amount of labor and money to address problematic behaviors of people with dementia.

It has been revealed that there are several types of dementia. Each disease seems to have different origins. So, what can we do to prevent our brains from getting demented?

Many studies have been conducted so far on this issue. Few results are trustworthy, however. It is certain that lifestyle, especially in the later stage, will influence on the onset of dementia. But, the magnitude of the effect of the intervention is not clear.

My past entry: Preventing dementia

A recent study suggests a third of dementia can be prevented by continuing an optimal lifestyle. According to the researchers, midlife hearing loss, leaving education before secondary school, smoking in later life, and later life depression are all associated with the onset of dementia with a certain proportion. Also, social isolation, later life diabetes, midlife high blood pressure, midlife obesity, and lack of exercise in later life may also contribute to causing dementia. These factors are more or less controllable. Thus, some percentage of dementia is preventable.

The Guardian: Lifestyle changes could prevent a third of dementia cases, report suggests

Actually, a third is too optimistic as the proportion of preventable dementia, as the researchers admit. In reality, there may be only 5% of whole dementia reduced with lifestyle modification. Nonetheless, intervention is somehow valuable. Keeping social activity, reducing smoking, maintaining the body weight and blood pressure, and regular exercise will make you distant from dementia a little.

Friday, August 25, 2017

Pink Whale Challenge

When I read the article below, firstly I could not understand what did it mean.

Hindustan Times: Pink Whale Challenge: A better, healthier alternative to ‘The Blue Whale’

I had not known the words "Blue Whale Challenge." As soon as knowing it, I felt upset as well as shamed.

Blue Whale Challenge was developed by a Russian in 2013. Astonishingly, it was a suicide game played on the social media. The players are given various orders every day for 50 days. They include some self-harming, meaningless, and symbolic contents. And on the last day, players are demanded to commit suicide.

It is not a joke, unfortunately. Over a hundred of people are identified to have taken their own life obeying the order. The developer of this evil game was arrested. The culprit seems to have introduced some mind-control techniques in the structure of the game. And its influence was spread to some countries.

Pink Whale Challenge was developed in Brazil to be a counter of Blue Whale. It can be seen on the website. iOS and Android application are also available.

Daily Challenge

Pink Whale Challenge requests you a small action every day. Each of them let you feel happy or lessen sadness. The last order is to help another person or donate something to an organization. The players are expected to change from a sufferer to a supporter. This concept is consistent with some psychotherapeutic technique such as Acceptance and Commitment Therapy.

Blue Whale and Pink Whale tell us how easily we can control other's mood. As a psychiatrist, I never accept the developer of Blue Whale Challenge. And we should be aware of the risk for an abuse of psychiatry.

Thursday, August 24, 2017

Shuffling your thought to sleep

Sleep science is progressing even now. Some standards you might know are out of date.

The other day, physicians tended to tell patients with insomnia not to leave the bed when hardly falling asleep. I was taught that, even if you could not sleep all night, you can recover a certain percentage of vitality through lying in bed. It is identified as nonsense now, however, according to the latest research.

Instead, controlling stimulation is promised for good sleep. You should leave the bed if you cannot fall asleep for 30 minutes. It can disconnect the experience of awakening with the bed. You can stay in the day room all night. Whenever you feel sleepy at night, go to bed.

For easing to sleep, you may have an idea to count sheep. This method is derived from the verbal similarity between sheep and sleep. Also, taking a breath with pronouncing "sheep" brings you sleepiness. Furthermore, counting task is boring enough to cause sleepiness.

But, there is a stronger solution recently developed. It is called shuffling thoughts.

You imagine a word composed of some different letters; such as "orange." Then, imagine an object sequentially whose first letter is the same as each letter of the word you set; for example, "octopus," "record," "apple," "notebook," "giant," and "elbow." It is better that each word is not associated at all. That's it.

The Guardian: Shuffle your thoughts and sleep

This method pushes your sleep switch because your brain recognizes that you are trying absurd ideas. Thus, trying the cognitive shuffle is to focus intentionally on silly things, instead of being stuck to the sleep.

I have not tried this method. In an opportunity, I will recommend it to my patients suffering from insomnia.


Wednesday, August 23, 2017

35-year-old as a turning point for job affiliation

One-sixth of workers who are older than 35 feels unhappy to their job, according to a study recently conducted in the UK.

People start hating their jobs at 35, shows new research

Thousands of the UK workers were subjected in this survey. Meanwhile, less than ten percents of participants answered they were unhappy in the workers younger than 35.

It suggests 35-years-old is a turning point in which people begin to hate their job. Although I have not read the original paper of this survey, this result seems to be consistent with my impression.

There are some reasons why people tend to lose willingness to their work at 35. In middle age, many workers have to change their lifestyle. Some are promoted to an executive position. Some need to take leadership. And, some are forced to compromise their ideology for reward. Also, some face shortcomings of their job and workplace.

In addition, they have to reconsider the life-work balance. Nurturing children is a tough task more than most works. In some cases, parents and grandparents meet the mortality.

In younger age, workers only need to work, obeying the order of their boss. But in middle age, you have to examine the value of your work. Sometimes, you need to change the policy of working. Making a change always brings some kind of conflict.

These various factors make workers at 35 unhappy, even if they are enthusiastic about their job performance.

I am 42-year-old. Reminding my previous decade, I was wondering how to live in later life. Now, I have no regret about my decisions made in the past. Expect for life afterward.

Tuesday, August 22, 2017

Tunnels & Trolls Adventures released

Recently, Gen Con 50, one of the greatest analog game conferences in the US was conducted.

Gen Con 50

Several events were held there. Meanwhile, "Tunnels & Trolls Adventures," an application for playing T&T solo adventures was released for Apple iOS and Android. The provider is MetaArcade.


Tunnels & Trolls, or T&T, is a table-talk role playing game system with a history for more than quarter century. Recently, the 8th edition of T&T rulebook was translated into Japanese. T&T is famous also for many solo adventure booklets. And Tunnels & Trolls Adventures offers you to play several solo adventures on the tablet.

I am quite interested in the app, because the provider has promised to give a chance to create your original solo adventure scenarios on the app. In the near future, users will be enabled to publish their scenarios online. Even earning money for the creator of popular adventures will be realized, according to the provider.

Recently, I published s few solo adventure gamebooks on Amazon Kindle. It is a wonderful experience for me to let my original games played by many readers. I also want to make some scenarios for T&T on this app.

Unfortunately, T&T adventures is available only in the US now. I expect Japanese users will be permitted to release our new scenarios online soon.


Monday, August 21, 2017

IBM Waston's personality test

IBM has developed an AI program which can evaluate your personality through watching your tweets.

The solution named Personality Insights analyzes the words you frequently tweet, categorizing them according to some personality traits. The result is presented as a series of sentences expressing you and some quantitative data.

Personality Insights

This service has been localized into Japanese. I tried it. According to Watson, I am perspective and tend to stick to my own concepts. I am empathetic and philosophic. I accept new ideas. I am deliberate and seldom trust others. On the other hand, I am indifferent to joyfulness in daily life. I do not always respect traditional ideas.

Humm, not bad. In another personality examination, I was deemed to be deliberate, while not so conscious am I.

I predict such AI examinations will be realized shortly. The issue is whether these AI evaluation will overcome the judgment by the human. So far, there are no particular psychological examinations which are superior to the impression of familiar persons. When the AI decision-making replaces human's narrative judgment, we will approach the new era.

Sunday, August 20, 2017

Dying together with euthanasia, is it a benefit?

If you are married and love your partner, perhaps you do not want to live without your sweetheart. It is said to the best ending that dying together at the same day.

But, it is extremely difficult. In general, women have longer life expectancy than men. In the ending stage, one person often has to care the other for some years.

Also, left children will suffer from the management afterward. I know a person whose parents died on the same day, not due to an accident. She needed to deal with the heritage of her parents. It was a quite tough task, said she.

And now, there is an ultimate solution in Holland: the euthanasia. If you decide to take a euthanasia, you and your children can prepare for the death and the after care in advance.

The Washington Post: Elderly couple got ‘deepest wish’ — to die together — in rare euthanasia case

Nowadays, long living itself is a risk for you and your offsprings, unfortunately. While there is a broad discussion about the ethics around euthanasia, we will be closer to this way of death in the future.

On the other hand, to be honest, I am indifferent to my afterlife. As well, it is acceptable that anyone is not preparing for the death. I wish to be alive longer than my wife. And after her death, I will survive my crippled body for a while with her sweet memory.

Saturday, August 19, 2017

Today's issue of internet security in a Free Wifi spot

There are many free Wifi spots everywhere. They let not only travelers but also anyone makes use of the internet.

Interestingly, Wifi is more developed in some developing countries than developed countries. In Japan, some hotels do not offer free Wifi. There were few stations letting passengers use the free internet. But the situation is getting better, perhaps expecting increased foreign travelers. In the UK, Wifi is not available in some rooms in traditional buildings whose wall is too thick.

Free Wifi spot is considered to be risky. You expose a risk of being hacked, according to some media. But is it correct? The answer depends on your lifestyle.

There are many points to make use of free Wifi with safe. This article below describes them in detail. The author recommends you first to assess your security level and the magnitude of necessity for Wifi. If you have no important information on your PC and the purpose of internet browsing is to check the weather, the security risk would be ignorable. In contrast, you have to carry much sensitive information, you should hesitate to connect to the internet via free Wifi.

The Guardian: Ask Jack: How can I use airport and hotel wifi safely?

Virtual VPN is also a protection against hackers. The date transporting from your PC via VPN is encrypted. But using a VPN is often costly.

The ultimate solution against hacking is using a vanilla PC, according to the author. But I think it is not realistic, even right. Bringing your own pocket Wifi is better.

After all, convenience, security, and cost are mutually trade-off, as the author says. Also, the battle between hackers and security specialists will never end.

Friday, August 18, 2017

Barcelona terror attack

On Aug 17, 2017, a van charged into the field of Las Ramblas in Barcelona, killing at least 12 people and injured more than 80.

International Business Times: Barcelona terror attack live updates: 13 dead after van ploughs into pedestrians on Las Ramblas

This incident has identified as a terror attack because ISIS claimed responsibility. The police arrested a couple of the suspects, according to Catalonia's regional president.

Also, an explosion occurred earlier in this day in Las Ramblas. This case is relevant to the attack. Terrorists often make a small explosion to make people pay attention to the spot they are planning to commit the attack.

I visited Barcelona a couple of years ago. It was a joyful city.

It is a serious crime against peace and the human right. It is fortunate that suspects were arrested alive. I expect the police to clarify the whole figure of this crime. Pray for the victims.

Thursday, August 17, 2017

Freelance as a work style

Nowadays, 35% of working Americans are considered to be freelance. In Europe, the rate is 16.1%. And freelance is gradually increasing.

The Conversation: Is freelancing the future of employment?

Some modern technologies let freelance work at ease according to their abilities. Especially, the internet has enabled many people to get jobs and offer various services to clients at distant. In addition, you can make a receipt and calculate the tax with an application working on a PC or a smartphone. Writers can publish a  series of e-books without an editors or a publisher.

Nonetheless, freelance and self-employed people have some disadvantages at work. The dominant issue is social security. In Japan, most companies offer a pension scheme to employees better than that provided by the government. When you are a member of a team in a company, you can take a vacation for a week without crippling the ongoing task. In contrast, if a self-employed person becomes too ill to continue working, his income will fall into zero immediately.

Recently, there are some insurance systems for self-employed workers. Nevertheless, freelance is still deemed to be vulnerable to troubles at work.

Afterall, the choice of freelance is risky for many people, especially in older age. Therefore, lifelong employment system was spread in Japan.

However, many companies are struggling to adapt the rapidly changing society in Japan. For some workers, continuous belonging to an organization is riskier than being independent of any companies.

Some workers and employers are aware of this situation. Therefore, innovative companies allow employees to be partially independent of the company. Some companies permit workers to develop his own business aside from his main work. BYOD and COPE are also good examples.

The diversity of working style will be the key word of the future. The question Whether freelance is superior to employees is a nonsense discussion. But it is certain that companies which are unwilling to accept various work styles will decline.

Wednesday, August 16, 2017

You need to show the passport to watch porn movie in Russia

Russia banned Pornhub and YouPorn, largest pornography websites. Afterward, Pornhub began to demand watchers to register their social media account in Russia before permitting to visit the adult website.

To acquire the account of the social media, named Vkontakte, you need to register a mobile phone number. And to get a SIM card in Russia, you need to share information from your passport. It means that you have to offer your passport number to the government before watching the adult movies at Pornhub.

International Business Times: Want to watch Pornhub? If you're in Russia, you now need a passport

It sounds absurd to offer your ID when enjoying porn movies. But, there are similar schemes in other nations. I was requested to input my passport number before entering some websites. It was not phishing, but due to the security policy of a telecommunication company.

It is another issue, however, when the counterpart is Russian government. The government can handle all individual's information. When identification is connected to the information of each person's affiliation, our lifestyle will face to the risk of censorship. It is the concern of many people who are afraid of their privacy invaded.

Tuesday, August 15, 2017

Overweight to overfat

Overfat is a relatively new idea to evaluate your health status. Previously overweight was considered to be a great risk factor for physical health. It is correct, but not perfect. Indeed, there are many people with an average body weight at a high risk of cardiovascular disease, according to new studies.

Visceral fat is deemed as the main indication of metabolic syndrome. But it is not easy to examine. Therefore, several methods have been developed to estimate the amount of your visceral fat.

One of the simple and effective ways is to measure your waist. If the value of your waist divided by your height is over 0.9 in men or 0.85 in women, you are at high risk.

The Conversation: Are you ‘overfat’? Here are the best ways to tell

However, this standard seems a little too strict. Many people are categorized in the risky zone with this measure. According to a new study, approximately 90% of men are overfat.

I am not certain about the best standard of your fat. Balanced food and proper exercise are essential to prevent you from metabolic syndrome. But where you should set your goal has not completely been clarified.

Monday, August 14, 2017

Animal identification with a smartphone

There is an application for nature-walk lovers, called "iNaturalist."

So far, this application has offered only a user community. Users can upload photos of animals, birds, and plants. and other users tell what they are. Identifying the name of what you see helps you understand the creature and become closer to it.

Recently, the developer added a new function to this app. When you take a photo of an animal, an AI will tell its name, according to the founder.

The Atlantic: Finally: An App That Can Identify the Animal You Saw on Your Hike

I tried this app. Unfortunately, automatic identification was not available on my smartphone. Perhaps this innovative function is still underdeveloping. Nonetheless, if realized, its value will be great.

There have been some similar attempts already equipped. Amazon's smartphone can identify its products on its camera. And the user can order the object to with one click.

In this region, one of the most expected genres is food, I think. Many people will be very pleased if they can know the calory of the meal in front of them when taking a photo. Recently, I introduced a gadget to calculate the calory of some foods.

My past entry: DietSensor change your diet style?

Wearable gadgets are very suitable to equip this kind of function. Light and simple glasses will be the best gadget in the near future.

Sunday, August 13, 2017

Password ruling should be reconsidered

Password used to protect your internet account is one of the most annoying systems in recent years. Perhaps you have to manage several different passwords in each online service, internet banking, and webmail. In some website, you are encouraged to change the password regularly. Also, you are requested to include some capital letters and non-alphabet symbols.

These rules are considered to be a standard for a safe password. But it was established by Bill Burr in 2003. And now, he regrets these statements.

The Wall Street Journal: The Man Who Wrote Those Password Rules Has a New Tip: N3v$r M1^d!

In real, the longer, the better, to protect your password. On the other hand, when you set a complex password which is requested to be amended frequently, you will hesitate to be serious to adhere to the regulation. Instead, you will make a simple rule for regular change of your password, such as Pa55word1 to Pa55w0rd2. Obviously, this sequence is very vulnerable to crackers.

Recent findings suggest that you should change password only when you feel unsafe. I completely agree with this idea. We often forget the password and demand the service to reset it. The more we request the reset, the more risk of cracking increased. Rather, making the password remembered by Google Chrome or other reliable service providers seems to be safer.

Even now, some service providers demand me to change the password very frequently. Annoying!


Saturday, August 12, 2017

Alcoholics broadened in the US

A recent survey revealed that about 29.5 million Americans are drinking at a risky level. This prevalence was increased in almost all demographics, especially among women, older population, and ethnic minorities.

The surveys were conducted in 2001 and 2012 with a large sample size. The result was published in JAMA Psychiatry, a world famous academic journal.

International Business Times: Alcoholism epidemic in the USA: More than 1 in 8 Americans are now alcoholics

In the US, abuse of marijuana and other addictive drugs are also serious problems. Compared to them, the harm of alcohol is likely to be underestimated. But in the clinician's point of view, alcoholism is a critical issue as well as illegal drugs. Since drinking alcohol is legal, patients hardly identify themselves as an abuser unless the problem becomes fatal. Alcohol does damage to your liver, brain, and other organs more seriously than marijuana, according to some studies.

In the UK and Japan, the prevalence of drinkers is gradually decreasing. The market of alcoholic beverage is shrinking. What is the difference?

Considering that drinking is a leisure for poor people, alcohol consumption is increasing in the society where many unwealthy people live. As well, alcohol is a solution to kill time for people who have nothing to do. In Japan, soon after the earthquake and Tsunami disaster in 2011, alcoholism was spread in the damaged regions. Some people who lost their family, house, and job had no choice but drinking. Some of my colleagues went to the region for the enlightenment of harm of alcohol and social support for the victims.

The US is one of the nations in which inequality among people is most magnificent. Some people, especially in minorities, have no friends or supporters. They are at high risk of alcoholism.

Therefore, the solution should not be limited to the enhancement of medical care for alcoholism. Social setup and increased job opportunity are also crucial to prevent citizens from substance dependence.