Monday, June 25, 2018

A case of cow beyond the border

Penka, a cow, attracted public attention recently. It wandered to cross the border between Bulgaria and Servia. The EU legislation planned to kill the cow. But the public movement to save Penka emerged.

At last, Penka could avoid the death sentence, and it will be returned to its own farm.

Reuters: Penka the Bulgarian cow escapes death sentence after international outcry

I am not sure about the news in detail. To be honest, however, I am not glad to hear about the decision. First, who is responsible for Penka's wandering?  It seems not a wild cow. Second, it will return to be a livestock as surviving this trouble. Its life is exploited by the human regardless of the process. What do activists of animal protection think about this fact? And at last, does going across beyond the border deserves the death sentence for animals? I think this rule is ridiculous.

Sunday, June 24, 2018

Watching World Cup is allowed at work in Germany?

The World Cup soccer fascinates us so much. Also in Japan, many people are eager to watch TV broadcasting even at midnight.

In Germany, more than a third of bosses allows subordinates to watch TV during the work, according to a survey conducted by the German University of Hohenheim. Germany: 38% of Bosses Allow Employees to Watch World Cup at Work

This percentage is higher by four points than the previous World Cup.

I was rather surprised to know a university conducted such a unique survey.

Saturday, June 23, 2018

No more Miss America in the swimwear

Miss America contest declared to withdraw swimwear competition, according to the media.

Miss America organization has conducted a contest in which candidates make an exposure wearing a swimsuit. It attracts the audience, mainly men, because the bodyline of candidates is visible in the swimwear.

But it was criticized as the commissioner made a judge with an excessive emphasize of physical appearance. The organization is planning to introduce a presentation competition instead of swimwear seeing.

The Washington Post: Miss America eliminates swimsuit competition and won’t judge contestants on physical appearance

To be honest, I am indifferent to Miss America, or other beauty contests. I do not criticize any competitors and organizers. Physical cuteness is no more an alignment of a human. It is important, but not decisive.

A presentation competition sounds good. However, I think its value is far from the original concept of Miss America, though I am not sure about its history.

On the other hand, I wonder why its name is "Miss America." It is not bad if a married woman wins the representative of the US, I believe.

Friday, June 22, 2018

Japan is eager to realize self-driving cars by 2020

Auto driving cars are expected to be common in the next era, though some incidents have been reported. Tesla and some other famous companies are engaged to conduct experiments on the public road.

Japan is also willing to realize the society with self-driving cars. In Japan, elder drivers are increasing as the aging proceeds. Though not many elder drivers are risky, fatal accidents caused by elder drivers are recently focused.

Also, Japan will face the Olympic game in 2020. The government is planning to renew the structures of cities in Japan.

Reuters: Japan looks to launch driverless car system in Tokyo by 2020

In my sense, it is difficult to realize self-driving cars by 2020 in Japan. Since Japan lands are narrow, there are many complicated roadways. Thus, Japan is a tough region for an AI to drive a car.

Nonetheless, I expect the future in which most persons need not take the wheel in the car.

Thursday, June 21, 2018

Microplastics issue

Plastics are material which is artificially made by the human. They are quite stable and easy to be processed. Therefore, we have utilized massive plastic objects in the modern era.

However, the chemical stability of plastics is a problem. There are few bacteria which can discompose plastic objects in the natural setting. Thus, plastics remain perpetually at the place. It is the reason the pollution of plastics is frequently discussed recently.

Surprisingly, and also, unfortunately, we eat microplastics every day. There are microplastics spread not only in the sea but also all over the world. The human is at the top of the food chain. It means that plastics any creatures ate are to be taken in the human body.

The Conversation: You’re eating microplastics in ways you don’t even realise

It sounds terrible to know that plastics will occupy our body. But, the influence of plastics we take is still uncertain. Theoretically, plastics we took is evacuated. Therefore, researchers claim the adverse effect of the plastics we unconsciously take in the current situation is ignorable. However, the situation is changing. The more plastics float on the sea, the more risks of environmental issues arise. Considering the sustainability of the global environment, we should stop excessively relying on artificial materials which are hardly discomposed.

Wednesday, June 20, 2018

Osaka earthquake

On June 18th, Japan was struck by an earthquake again.

It occurred in the morning. Osaka, a metropolis located in the western area of Japan encountered an earthquake whose magnitude recorded 5.3.

Although massive destruction did not emerge, several buildings were damaged. Three people were killed by this disaster, and over 200 were injured. The victims included a schoolchild who was crashed by a corrupted wall.

NEWS24: Three dead, 200 hurt as strong quake jolts Japan's Osaka

It was fortunate that tsunami was not brought by the earthquake. If a tidal wave had attacked Osaka bay, a large number of people would have been victimized.

Japan is an earthquake-rich country. And it is ironic that this disaster may be smaller than that many researchers prospect in the future. Tokai region is estimated to be struck by a gigantic earthquake within next some decades. We have to be aware of the risk.

Tuesday, June 19, 2018

Three step model of treating eating disorder

Eating disorder is a mental disorder which is one of the most difficult to treat. Patients with an eating disorder often take their lives by the disease, mainly due to extreme malnutrition or lethal arrhythmia caused by imbalanced minerals.

The cause of the eating disorder is still under discussion. It is highly likely that some diet-oriented cultures contribute to developing an eating disorder. On the other hand, some genetic factors are also suggested to influence the onset of the disease.

Anyway, normalized diet is essential to overcome the eating disorder. Withdrawing inappropriate dieting is the first step, as the article below mentions.

The Conversation: Eating disorders are hard to overcome, but ditching diets is crucial

However, it is not an easy task for patients to adhere to the direction of the therapist. They are suffering from fear of gaining weight and perfectionism. In most cases, a direct order to drop out the diet fails to be realized by the patient.

Therefore, a step-by-step approach is crucial for successful treatment. First, the therapist has to listen to the patient's voice for an adequate term.  Actually, patients with low body weight often have memory deficiency, and they fail to memorize the suggestions of the therapist. Establishing the patient-therapist relationship should be prioritized in any cases unless the physical status of the patient is critical.

The second step is behavior modification. The goal is to omit improper diet. But to accomplish healthy dieting, patients should be guided with emotional understanding. A series of behavioral experiments is effective to change the behavior. For example, if a patient identifies her body weight did not change after drinking a cup of milk additionally, her fear of loss of the control will be mitigated.

The third step is enhancing self-esteem, as the article says. Lowered self-esteem is usually associated with excessive concern about the body image. Patients should learn that they can be efficacious regardless of their body shape. But, this stage is located at almost the last in the ladder of treating the eating disorder.