The modern world has several divides among people. Recently, “digital divide” has been focused in the context of the highly mechanized society. But, the most fundamental divide is the divide of education, so far and to be.
Even now, many children cannot receive primary education in the world. As they cannot achieve literacy, they will not get an opportunity to improve their skills and knowledge, resulting in making them remain in the poverty. And their children will also be not able to have a learning opportunity. Thus, the divide of education is to be inheriting.
According to a Unesco’s report, the minority of the countries participated in its survey met the criteria in which minimum requirement for primary education. Many developing countries will hardly achieve the goal until the end of the next decade. Furthermore, it is expected to be difficult that all countries will reach the goal even in 2100.
The Guardian: Poorest countries hit hardest as world lags behind on global education goals
Now, teachers in many countries are struggling with a shortage of resource in the education environment. The Indian government is eager to invest more budget in education. However, there are urgent needs to fix stuff in the school and hire more teachers. Many other countries have no enough money to spend on improving education level.
Hindustan Times: Overcrowded classrooms to dirty toilets: Delhi govt schools need urgent fixing
In Japan and other developed countries, the issue of education still exists. But the subject is not to give primary education to all children, but how to find and grow extraordinary talents in citizens. There are several competitive funds in such countries. Many college students are applying them, but not a few students are suffering to the debt afterward. It means education funding does not work well. In other words, higher education does not guarantee higher income.
Especially in Japan, the government has been keen to continue the bottom-up strategy. The literacy rate in Japan is the world best, and 97% of children can enter a high school. On the other hand, genius children seem not to be properly treated. Most of them are forced to adhere the standard curriculum regardless of their understanding. They feel bored and lose the motivation to learn. Some of them have a particular disadvantage in learning, such as in sport. But they cannot avoid any curriculum, and sometimes are bullied by other children.
In my opinion, there is a difference in optimal strategy according to the development level in each country. Japan should prioritize the education for gifted children than improving the quality of primary education, even if it is also important. At the same time, developed countries have to continue the aid by skills and money to enhance the education level in developing countries.