Nowadays, 35% of working Americans are considered to be freelance. In Europe, the rate is 16.1%. And freelance is gradually increasing.
The Conversation: Is freelancing the future of employment?
Some modern technologies let freelance work at ease according to their abilities. Especially, the internet has enabled many people to get jobs and offer various services to clients at distant. In addition, you can make a receipt and calculate the tax with an application working on a PC or a smartphone. Writers can publish a series of e-books without an editors or a publisher.
Nonetheless, freelance and self-employed people have some disadvantages at work. The dominant issue is social security. In Japan, most companies offer a pension scheme to employees better than that provided by the government. When you are a member of a team in a company, you can take a vacation for a week without crippling the ongoing task. In contrast, if a self-employed person becomes too ill to continue working, his income will fall into zero immediately.
Recently, there are some insurance systems for self-employed workers. Nevertheless, freelance is still deemed to be vulnerable to troubles at work.
Afterall, the choice of freelance is risky for many people, especially in older age. Therefore, lifelong employment system was spread in Japan.
However, many companies are struggling to adapt the rapidly changing society in Japan. For some workers, continuous belonging to an organization is riskier than being independent of any companies.
Some workers and employers are aware of this situation. Therefore, innovative companies allow employees to be partially independent of the company. Some companies permit workers to develop his own business aside from his main work. BYOD and COPE are also good examples.
The diversity of working style will be the key word of the future. The question Whether freelance is superior to employees is a nonsense discussion. But it is certain that companies which are unwilling to accept various work styles will decline.